Like the city, sustainability also depends on time, place, and the socioeconomic development. Below you see a gathering of historic events and milestones on the way towards creating sustainable cities.
2011 | Green Growth Leaders
Green Growth Leaders is a global alliance of cities, regions, countries and corporations, sharing a vision of building prosperous, green economies and communities - and a better tomorrow for their citizens
2010 | Danish Commission on Climate Change Policy: Green energy
In March 2008 the Danish government facilitated the enactment of the Danish Climate Commission on Climate Change Policy consisting of ten scientists specialized in climate change adoption, transportation, agriculture, and economy. 29. September 2010, after two years of intensive work with Denmark’s environmental and financial challenges, the report was published. The report entitles Green energy – the road to a danish energy system without fossil fuels.
2008 | Vancouver EcoDensity Charter: Green liveable cities
In 2006, the city of Vancouver launched an initiative called EcoDensity. The initiative was followed by an EcoDensity Charter which commits the city to make environmental sustainability a primary goal in all city planning decisions - in ways that also support housing affordability and liveability.
2007 | Copenhagen Agenda: Working for Sustainable Cities
The Copenhagen Agenda for Sustainable Cities was created at the 51st IFHP conference in Copenhagen, Denmark in 2007. The agenda consisted of ten principles aiming to encourage and strengthen the development of sustainable cities.
2005 | C40
The C40 plays a central role in fostering a sense of shared purpose in tackling climate change and aids global cities in reducing greenhouse gas emissions while generating growth through a variety of programs focused on energy efficiency.
2004 | One Planet Living
One Planet Living is a global initiative based on 10 principles of sustainability aiming to help people, organisations and communities to live and work within a fair share of our planet’s resources. The One Planet Living framework was developed by BioRegional and WWF in 2004.
2004 | Aalborg Commitments: Getting cities going
The Aalborg Commitments were created by the participants at the Aalborg +10 conference in Aalborg in 2004. The commitments are a theoretical framework that defines sustainable development as a process through which cities can implement local Agenda 21.
2002 | Melbourne Principles: Respect for people and nature
The Melbourne Principles were born at an international UNEP workshop in Melbourne, Australia in 2002. The aim of the ten principles is to help cities around the world in their path to sustainability. The Melbourne Principles provides a framework for cooperation at various levels and for engaging communities in creating sustainable cities.
2002 | Johannesburg Declaration: A human global society
The Johannesburg Declaration is the result of the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg, South Africa in 2002. The Johannesburg Declaration builds on the Brundtland Report and the Rio Declaration with a special focus on beating poverty.
2002 | Cradle to Cradle – improving the future
In 2002, Michael Braungart and William McDonough published the Cradle to Cradle manual. Here they presented a concrete method to improve design to support instead of eroding nature. The book is a result of their life long work on how to manufacture products, buildings and cities with a goal of a better future.
2000 | Hannover Principles: Design for sustainabilty
The Hannover principles were originally created by William McDonough and Michael Braungart for EXPO 2000 in Hannover, Germany. Consisting of nine key tenants that designers and architects should follow, the principles reframe the fundamental concepts behind the issue of sustainability and stress our interdependent relationship with Nature. Notably, the principles have initiated the well known cradle-to-cradle concept that has recently received a lot of public attention.
1999 | Cittaslow: Putting quality of life first
Cittaslow is a growing network of minor cities working towards sustaining quality of life in cities. The movement was founded in Italy in 1999 by Carlo Petrini, inspired by the slow food movement of which Petrini was also the founder. The city slow concept is about protecting the environment, promoting local goods and production and sustaining the uniqueness of each particular city.
1996 | Ecological Footprint: Humanities killing Nature
The Ecological Footprint is a method of measurement showing how much of the Earth’s resources we humans consume. The concept and calculation method is developed by Mathis Wackernagel and William E. Rees in the book ‘Our Ecological Footprint: Reducing Human Impact on the Earth’ from 1996.
1992 | Rio Declaration: The right to development
The Rio Declaration is a short document produced at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in 1992. It consists of 27 principles defining peoples’ rights to development, and their responsibilities to safeguard the common environment. Another significant result of the conference is the Agenda 21 blueprint.
1987 | Brundtland Report: Our common future
Our Common Future - by most people known as the Brundtland Report - was published in 1987 and is the outcome of the work by the World Commission on Environment and Development. The report laid out the concept of sustainability as containing environmental, economic and social aspects.
Last updated Tuesday, January 21, 2014