This area, covering 125,000 sq. m. between Refshaleøen and northwestern Amager, will be transformed into a new residential district.
An area covering 125,000 sq. m. between Refshaleøen and northwestern Amager will be transformed into a new residential district. Tegnestuen Vandkunsten has drawn up the plan, which envisions complexes inspired by different epochs.
Behind Charlotte Amalies Bastion, just outside the Christianshavn Ramparts, lies the former Margretheholm seaplane station, named after Denmark's Queen Margrethe when she was still crown princess. Margretheholm has green expanses and a few buildings worthy of preservation as well as two very big neighbors: a power plant and a refuse disposal plant (Amagerværket and Amagerforbrændingen).
The first steps to transform the area into a new quarter have already been taken. Freja Ejendomme A/S started the process when it invited four design offices to take part in a competition in 2003. Tegnestuen Vandkunsten, which is based in Christianshavn, won the competition and its proposal was later taken as the basis for the City of Copenhagen's further work with the project.
Tegnestuen Vandkunsten saw Margretheholm as a charming hideaway with a unique intimacy and sharp contrasts between heavy industry and distinctive green spaces.
These characteristics inspired the unified plan that is based on the landscape and was informed by three elements: the ramparts, the plain, and the beach. These elements in turn inspired two types of building: the Kasbah, with a dense, low structure and high intensity, and a ribbon building, Kanthuset, which will serve as a dramatic contrast. Different types of fenestration, recesses, and other variations will create a vibrant and dynamic impression for the complex as a whole.
The wall and the Kasbah
The new Margretheholm will be green and dense. Some of the current plantings will be preserved and supplemented with avenue trees and other vegetation. The eight-storey Kanthus will form a screen toward the large industrial facilities on the east. Its angled progression and portals will put the Kasbah in perspective. An orangery will be built on the side of the Kanthus that faces the ramparts. This different kind of indoor space will house special plants and also function as an extra baffle wall. The three-story Kasbah will provide a contrast to the Kanthus, built so that it harmonizes with the site and conforms to its orientation and existing growth. The Kasbah will be lower than the trees around it and thus will create a labyrinthine progression. A total of 77,400 sq. m. of floor space will be built, 90% residential and the rest for services.
WHAT WILL THE ISLAND HOLD?
On the west and southwest are large recreational areas, for example the Christianshavn ramparts and Quinti Lynette. Farther to the south are a go-cart track and an area with allotment gardens.
Margretheholm Harbor, which is mostly used by yachts, is on the north. This is also the site of a few large halls that were used by a shipyard until 1996.
The eastern part is dominated by the big power and refuse disposal plants. There is also a refuse company that uses the harbor facilities to import granite and export glass waste. The eastern side has a view of both the Inner City and the Sound from a 12-meter-tall earthworks that is actually a depot with polluted soil that has been covered with clean soil and is now green.
Margretheholm was mainly developed by the military, which built 12,000 sq. m. of floor space. The listed Hangar H was rebuilt by Dorte Mandrup Arkitekter in 2000 and there are also a former barracks, a sports field, and several warehouses.
Many areas have dense greenery and there are a few trees worth preserving as well as some avenues.
Much of Margretheholm's land consists of industrial waste, scrap, rubble, and bulky waste, which were deposited by the naval base and the refuse disposal plant.
Right now, one bus line runs to Margretheholm. Cars only have access via Forlandet and Refshalevej. The nearest shopping district and Metro station on Torvegade are a couple of kilometers away, and the harbor bus stops in the center of Holmen. One aspect of developing the area consequently deals with traffic. A tunnel under the harbor between the Southern Freeport and Refshaleøen has been considered. The idea of redirecting traffic from Kløvermarksvej to Uplandsgade, which would be expanded to four lanes, is also under consideration. The need to reorganize traffic will also alleviate traffic problems throughout northeast Amager, which is undergoing major changes that have included building the new beach facility, Amager Strandpark.
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Vacation Retreats 2: A Guide to Architectural Retreats in EuropeNadine Weiland, Jan Hamer DKR 225,00
Living in the Endless City: The Urban Age Project by the London School of Economics and Deutsche Bank''s Alfred Herrhausen SocietyRicky Burdett DKR 499,00
Last updated Tuesday, January 21, 2014